Blepharoplasty is a procedure performed to remove excess muscle tissue and sagging skin in the upper and lower eyelids. It is also applied to stretch the tissues around the eyes. Sagging skin which occurs due to gravity and aging, is often observed in the eye area as well. In addition, problems such as changes in color, bagging, wrinkling and loosening in the eyelids can also be experienced. Furthermore, as a result of air pollution, excessive smoking and alcohol consumption and exposure to sunlight, the skin will start to age prematurely.
Signs of Aging in the Eyelid
With aging, the skin loses its elasticity. The signs of aging in the facial area can be noticed in a short time and the first signs is perceived in the eyelids. The signs of aging in the eyelids, which give a dull and tired look to individuals, are listed as follows;
- Overhanging upper eyelid
- Formation of crow’s feet in the corner of the eye
- Change in color under the eyes
- Bagging under the eyes
- Tired facial expression
- Drooping and wrinkling in the eyelids
The loosening skin that occurs in the eyelids causes the upper eyelids to overhang. This problem may become serious enough to obstruct the field of vision in the future, if not solved with blepharoplasty. In addition, sagging forehead and eyebrows may also lead to this situation. With the help of blepharoplasty, a more aesthetically-pleasing appearance can be achieved by successfully making the necessary intervention to both eyelids.
Pre-operative instructions for a Blepharoplasty Procedure
Antibiotics and blood thinners such as aspirin should be avoided before the operation to prevent the risk of bleeding during a blepharoplasty procedure. Patients are asked to refrain from smoking as well.
How is Lower Blepharoplasty Performed?
When blepharoplasty is performed in the lower eyelids, an incision is made just below the eyelash line. After the skin is removed, the fat found in this area is spread towards the eye socket. Then, the operation is completed by removing the excess muscle and skin. If there is a persistent hollow appearance under the eye after the procedure, a fat grafting may be applied in this area after the recovery period.
How is Upper Blepharoplasty Performed?
The upper blepharoplasty also removes excess muscle and skin tissue in the area. There will be no visible surgical scars left during this process as the incision is made on the natural crease of the eyelid. When patients have blepharoplasty combined with eyebrow lift and forehead lift procedures, they can achieve much better results.
Blepharoplasty takes about 1 to 1.5 hours. In terms of an upper blepharoplasty as a standalone treatment, the procedure will take 30 minutes. Given that eyelids are one of the functional units of the face, there will be a meticulous planning process before the procedure which is performed to achieve an aesthetically-pleasing appearance. There is no risk of complications in blepharoplasty, which starts with the examination of the facial area.
Recovery Period after Blepharoplasty
The recovery period after blepharoplasty is quite short. As with other aesthetic procedures, patients may experience bruising, redness and a slight swelling in the first few days after the operation. However, with the help of the medications to be prescribed for such cases, patients can continue their daily lives without any problems.
No severe complications occur on the next day following the blepharoplasty. Mild redness will disappear after a few days. After the second day of the operation, mild pain will also relieved. Generally speaking, patients can eliminate any possible side effects in and around the eyes by applying cold compresses. The healing process will begin quickly with the removal of the sutures after 5 days following the operation.